Lately, the number of people adopting the newest hydroponic technology has been increasing. Hydroponics which is part of hydroculture basically involves planting crops in a mineral or nutrient solution. Traditionally, plants are planted in soil in order to derive essential nutrients. However, in hydroponics technique, the soil is normally eliminated.
Therefore, the plants get the minerals or nutrients directly from the nutrient solution (combination of fertilizer and water). In some instances, sand, rockwool, gravel, perlite, pebbles, coconut husk, or any other medium may be used to support the plant.
10. Space Efficient
A large number of people seeking ideas on building a hydroponic garden are those with limited land. While the population is rising, the amount of land suitable for farming is declining. If not checked this may lead to food insecurity. Fortunately, hydroponics requires very little space. The plants may be planted in small pots, channels, or even suspended in air. It is also possible to plant crops in tiers or stacks. This not only saves on space, but also time, energy, and resources.
9. Grow Crops All Year Round
One of the biggest challenges of agriculture or crop production has always been producing crops throughout the year. This is caused by erratic weather and climate as well as the duration required for plants to grow and mature. Hydroponics technology basically depends on a controlled environment. An individual will control the amount of water, nutrients, light, environment, as well as space required to cultivate. By planting in blocks or continuously, the crops will be available all year round.
8. Stable and High Production
One of the main reasons that are influencing people to know more on how to build hydroponic at home is the high and stable crop production. Normally, while in the open fields, several factors will affect the quantity and quality of produce. Unfavorable weather, intensive labor requirements, natural calamities such as earthquakes, torrential rainfall, hurricanes are some of the common hindrances to good crop yields. Since the environment is fully controlled, the yield is much higher and more predictable when using hydroponics.
7. Easy Harvesting
Not only is it easy to grow and take care of crops grown under the hydroponics system, but also harvesting the crop. No land preparation, removal of weeds, sorting, or threshing is required. In addition, since no soil is used, the plants will always be clean and hygienic. Harvesting is also done in a much smaller area compared to the open field. As a matter of fact, the number of people, equipment, and time needed for harvesting is quite minimal.
6. Cost Effective
It is quite obvious that modern agriculture has become a costly affair. The cost of machinery, plant inputs, seeds, and fertilizers keep soaring by the day. Sadly, the erratic weather patterns lead to lower yields hence expenses outweigh the revenue. This is among the key reasons why quite a number of individuals are opting for the newest hydroponic technology. Although the initial cost of setting up a garden or farm is high, the costs are quite minimal in the long-run.
5. Energy Efficient
Growing crops in a hydroponics setting can’t be compared to the traditional way of cultivating crops. In hydroponics, the amount of nutrients, water, and light fed to the plants is controlled. A person may opt for the passive, static, continuous-flow, aeroponics, or any other style. All these methods allow the nutrients to be conserved or recycled. Therefore, there is no need to repeat a process all the time. Unfortunately, in the conventional farming method, it is quite hard to control the energy used in the process.
4. Manage Nutrients
One of the biggest challenges of crop production has always been using the nutrients efficiently. Most of the times, the minerals will either run-off due to excess water, or leak through the soil. In such instances, a farmer is forced to add more fertilizer or organic manure to the soil. Getting ideas on building a hydroponic garden will not only reduce the amount of nutrients that go to waste, but will also increase the amount absorbed by the crops hence producing better yields.
3. Disease Control
Of the many setbacks that farmers experience, disease and pest is among the most damaging. Getting rid or combating pests, pathogen and disease is not only time consuming, but also costly. Normally, quite a number of the diseases or pests thrive in the soil. Getting rid of them becomes quite challenging. Furthermore, airborne pathogens are also freely transmitted through the air. In hydroponics, the chances of diseases or pathogens thriving are quite minimal. This is because no soil is present and the environment is regulated.
2. Minimal Wastage
Modern agriculture has really improved. However, there is still a lot of wastage that takes place. This may occur during planting, cultivation, and also in harvesting. For instance, diseases and unfavorable weather will damage crops. Nutrients will also go to waste through leaching or water-logging. In fact, most of the people looking for insights on how to build hydroponic at home are doing so as a way of minimising the wastage of nutrients as well as harvest.
1. Eco- friendly
In the last decade, a lot of concern has been raised about the environment. The green gas effect, global warming, and pollution have always been talked about. Agriculture has been blamed severally for contributing to the negative effects. Excessive use of artificial fertilizer, poor harvesting methods, among other factors are responsible. Fortunately, hydroponics uses minimal water, organic fertilizer, and also small quantity of energy(power). This goes a long way in creating a clean and safe environment.
If the recent happenings are anything to go by, hydroponics technology is without a doubt the technology for the future. The number of online enquires, reviews on the practice, as well discussions in social media are quite rife. This is fuelled by the many advantages that come with this technology. Although the technique may appear challenging at the start, it becomes easier as time goes by. Therefore, anyone looking to improve crop production will certainly find the newest hydroponic technology sufficient.